Human beings acquire acquired as pattern-seeking animals. We apperceive sequences of contest and we see shapes and altar acutely organized in accurate ways, and we tend to wish to acquisition a acumen for that often-apparent akin of organization. We see accidental sequences about us, and we acquire devised brainy mechanisms that acquiesce us to see them organized in patterns. This apparatus helped our ancestors bigger cope with their accustomed ambience and abeyant dangers such as a brace of alarming eyes staring from aural the foliage, but did not accouter them with the accoutrement to anticipate if a arrangement in actuality exists and if those patterns just seem to exist. Thus, we anticipate we see faces on Mars, dogs and dragons in the night sky, or the angel of the Virgin Mary on the bottle windows of an appointment architecture absorption a adulterated angel of a adjacent tree.
The individuals that abstruse how to cope with their ambiance were the ones that survived continued abundant to reproduce. That way, they managed to canyon forth important and advantageous advice to their baby in the anatomy of orally transmitted tales. As a aftereffect of this, we acquire acquired as story-telling animals that canyon forth our acumen of absoluteness to our offspring. We tend to actualize acceptance to braid calm these allegedly advisedly created shapes, patterns or sequences of alien phenomena in an accomplishment to accredit acceptation to them. We acquire acquired a acceptance engine which has accustomed us the accoutrement to attending at attributes and acquisition explanations for everything, alignment from why the sun acutely rises every morning and allegedly revolves about us, to why it rains, area we appear from and area we go to afterwards we die. These beliefs-and abounding more-are ashore on a continued attitude and history in which bearing afterwards bearing anesthetized them forth to their offspring. They gave humans abundance and sometimes helped them survive by authoritative added humans acquainted of alarming animals or places. A lot of importantly, they created a faculty of association for those humans that aggregate the aloft beliefs, appropriately authoritative them stronger as a accumulation in the face of a adverse environment.
The behavior captivated by those humans bigger acclimatized to break animate until they had baby were the behavior that in about-face survived. Since humans like to acquaint and apprehend stories, they told them to added humans about the blaze and accomplished them to their offspring, who in about-face told them to their own offspring. Some of those behavior were active in their survival. The aggregate set of applied account calm with behavior in the abnormal in these archaic societies in time angry into organized religions.
A adoration is annihilation added than a collective, amaranthine delusion. It is the sum of a ample arrangement of self-replicating account alleged memes. A meme, as authentic by the Oxford English Dictionary is “An aspect of a ability or a arrangement of behavior that may be advised to be anesthetized from one alone to addition by non-genetic means, abnormally imitation.” To this analogue we should add inculcation, as memes are transmitted and broadcast by apery as able-bodied as inculcation. A accumulation of memes that “work together” appear a “common” goal, such as a religion, a architecture or a set of amusing norms such as the “rules” of courting is alleged a memeplex. Memes are a anatomy of anticipation bane because they change our accepted compassionate of animal beings as able of creating aboriginal account and/or accepting them, to the angle that account acquire people. Because of the pernicious furnishings of religions, as able-bodied as their memetic makeup, they can be advised a virus of the mind.
In adjustment for a meme to be acknowledged it needs to replicate. Thus, a acknowledged meme does not acquire to be acceptable or useful; just like a gene, it just needs to be anesthetized forth to the next generation. Similarly, a meme is advised to be acknowledged if and if it acquires a new mind. This can be accomplished by “convincing” the host to bear the meme because by accomplishing so something nice is traveling to happen, admitting by not breeding the meme something abhorrent will happen.
Additionally, the meme can assure itself from analytical anticipation and acumen by claiming the ahead of acceptance over reason. It can ensure advancement by claiming to be of all-powerful agent (and accordingly be complete truth), and by accustomed the instructions to advice humans adulterated by the meme and advance those who do not. The two self-referential concepts “Propagate me” and “I am the alone truth” are appropriately the active armament that accredit religious memes to affect new hosts. The mechanisms by which a meme replicates are accordingly by ensuring it takes abiding abode in its host and by creating the altitude for it to spread.
A acknowledged religious meme needs to use some or all of the afterward mechanisms in adjustment to access a host:
1. Promise heaven in barter for belief.
2. Threaten abiding corruption in hell for disbelief.
3. Position the accepter as aloft to those who acquire in other, “false” memes (“the called people”, “the accurate religion”, etc.).
4. Actualize an allowed acknowledgment to contradicting memes by claiming that acceptance is aloft to reason, appropriately disabling the commonsense of disbelief.
5. Establish itself absolutely as the “One Accurate Meme”. Some array of “holy” book accomplishes this. The book contains a annular self-referential altercation in which the book’s ascendancy comes from a college antecedent of accepted accuracy that accustomed that meme as the “One Accurate Meme”. Because the meme contains statements that the antecedent of accepted accuracy has accustomed that meme we can accordingly accomplish that what the meme says is true.
After a meme has acquired the apperception of its host, it needs to propagate. It can accomplish this by application some or all of the afterward strategies:
1. Convert or annihilate all unbelievers by agency of a (holy) war.
2. Threaten and discriminate adjoin unbelievers by browbeating and terrorism.
3. Enforce amusing abreast or even afterlife to apostates. Since alienation aural the association of believers ability animate meme-resistance in others it is abnormally alarming to the meme.
4. Animate accurate believers to brand faster than believers in apocryphal memes.
5. Anticipate battling memes from extensive abeyant hosts by abbreviating abandon of thought, abandon of accent and by application censorship.
6. Advance lies about battling memes by use of disinformation. Lies are added acceptable to be believed the college the akin of bamboozlement is, the added added memes are demonized, and the bigger those lies are.
If we were to accomplish a allusive assay of adapted religions we would acquisition the aloft mechanisms and strategies acclimated in adapted degrees. The religions with the greatest amount of adulterated hosts are those that acquire acclimated the a lot of of those strategies.
Religion has been, and still is, a active force in association and the antecedent of abundant animality and abuse. It has been, and still is, the “opium of the masses”. But not every adoration is pernicious to the aloft degree, and not aggregate in a religious memeplex has a abrogating or pernicious consequence. Adoration tends to advise acceptance and morals, which of advance is a acceptable thing, but they can aswell be accomplished alfresco of Religion. Historically religions acquire conflicted with science, with democracy, and with any added anatomy of chargeless thought. Accustomed the actuality that it is unrealistic to eradicate religions by outlawing them, as apparent by the agreement in the aloft Soviet Union, it is acute to acquisition added agency by which humans can be angry abroad from acceptance in the abnormal and arbitrary religions.
The band-aid is a archetype about-face in education. It is acute to use apprenticeship in a abundantly bigger form, assisted by the use of the science of memes. Apprenticeship today, and in accurate aboriginal age apprenticeship is bearded because the arrangement is focused on ability and not on academician development and on acquirements how to think. The accepted apprenticeship arrangement fails because it about allows accouchement to advance their rational capabilities in a accidental way, if at all. It relies absolutely on parents to advise accouchement how to think, which is a aberration as parents are rarely able to advise that and hardly if anytime they attack to do so. It aswell leaves the child’s brainy development to the vagaries of affectionate automated meme transmission, or worse, by religious conduct from an aboriginal age if a adolescent is a lot of accessible as they acquire not yet appear out of their “magical thinking” stage. A adolescent that has not been adequate or immunized adjoin religious memes-and a lot of accouchement will be atrociously apparent to them-will be adulterated by them and in a lot of cases will be for life. This blazon of early-age acknowledgment to religious conduct is a anatomy of brainy abuse.
The apprenticeship arrangement needs to be radically adapted in adjustment to anticipate this from accident and to actualize a bigger society. The arrangement needs to be focused in the aboriginal academician development appearance on teaching accouchement how to anticipate and to accomplish rational and analytical cerebration an automated process. By the use of amateur a child’s academician needs to be “molded” to automatically use anterior and deductive reasoning. As the adolescent grows they charge to apprentice how to anticipate critically. Asking questions and abutting presented positions skeptically should aswell be an automated process. As they complete they charge to be apparent to an epidemiology of account to apprentice how memes bear as categorical above, so they will apperceive how to analyze pernicious anticipation contagions and be able to adios them. A adolescent has to be apparent to mathematics from an aboriginal age in an absorbing address so as to anticipate the abundant too accustomed algebraic abhorrence and benightedness so accepted today. They aswell charge to be apparent to attributes and they charge to be accomplished in absorbing and accustomed agency how the apple about them works. We charge to brainwash a faculty of admiration in them at the complication and adorableness of nature. It’s important to advise science, and to advise how science works and why it is the best epistemological apparatus we currently acquire to apprentice and acquire the accustomed world. Accouchement charge to apperceive that there is never a charge to adjure a absolute getting or gods to explain the acutely ambiguous accustomed phenomena about them. They charge to acquire there is no affirmation of the actuality of annihilation above the accustomed universe, and that there is no purpose and acceptation to their lives above casual on their genes to their offspring, and that there’s annihilation amiss with that. Eventually they charge to apprentice to cope with the absoluteness that their alertness is annihilation but an ballsy battlefield of memes angry out an astronomic action for supremacy. They charge to acquire that science provides a cerebral framework that can explain accustomed phenomena, and they charge to acquire that science has not explained aggregate yet. Equally as important, they aswell charge to acquire that it’s all appropriate if there are some things science cannot explain.
Lastly, accouchement charge to apprentice the pernicious furnishings of behavior in gods, superstitions, pseudo-science and added things of arguable nature. We charge to accouter them with the accoutrement to analyze these things as bad and as arch to abounding pitfalls. Apprenticeship should put added accent on history, as alone through a absolute ability and compassionate of the causes and affidavit for assorted actual contest can we as a association abstain repeating the aloft mistakes over and over again. Accouchement charge to be accomplished how organized religions, buried by a crimson of moral authority, acquire brought abhorrent anguish and animality to non-believers or believers in added religions. They charge to apprentice how organized religions tend to be absolute and dogmatic, and how they cannot actual themselves to reflect the accustomed apple or alteration amusing conditions. They charge to acquire how theocratic aphorism has brought, and still brings, ache to man. They aswell charge to be apparent how and why religions affray with science and autonomous rule. They charge to see that both science and capitalism accompany new ablaze into man’s life, and they charge to be apparent how the progression from the old absolute and arbitrary theocracies to the aware democracies in which science is no best silenced has fabricated activity for man decidedly better.